Situated on Calton Hill, overlooking the city of Edinburgh is the Dugald Steward Monument built in 1831. Dugald Stewart (1753-1828) was a Scottish philosopher, a professor at the University of Edinburgh, and held the chair if Moral Philosophy from 1786 until his death. The Royal Society of Edinburgh commissioned the monument.
The monument was designed by William Henry Playfair, who was also the architect of the adjacent Edinburgh National Monument (March 2016 post), and the thoroughfare that encircles Calton Hill on three sides. The monument is modeled on the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates– located in Athens Greece. It is a circular temple of 9 fluted Corinthian columns around an urn.
When I researched the monument on Calton Hill, to discover more about it, I immediately had two questions. What is Moral Philosophy? When did architects stop planning cities and thoroughfares?